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Hanseong Baekje Kingdom Course: Discover History and Nature at One Place!

Published Date : Apr. 17, 2014 / Edited Date : Feb. 13, 2019
[서울 스토리텔링] 서울에서 꽃피운 고대왕국 한성백제
Face to Face with King Geunchogo
Hanseong Baekje Palace Road – Face to Face with King Geunchogo
Pungnaptoseong Fortress and Mongchontoseong Fortress in Songpa-gu, are wonderful places to take a walk, perhaps the most beautiful in all of Seoul. They are very close to the Hangang (River), making them easily accessible by bicycle. The open grassy fields and green scenery are perfect for picnics with family, friends, or a date. Why not drop by if you are nearby and take a leisurely stroll around the park. Despite its popularity, very few people know that the park was once the center of Baekje, an ancient Korean dynasty. The Hanseong Baekje Palace Road was built to raise public awareness of this fact. Let’s learn more about the Baekje Dynasty, a kingdom that flourished over 2,000 years ago.

The most important sector of the path, and the longest, follows the two earthen fortresses through an area widely known as Monchontoseong Fortress, which is also called Pungnaptoseong Fortress or Olympic Park, situated right outside Cheonho Subway Station. The two earthen fortresses were built during the Baekje Dynasty, an ancient kingdom that flourished on the Korea Peninsula from approximately 18BC to 660AD. The Hanseong Baekje Palace Road takes you to both the fortresses, telling the tale of a magnificent ancient kingdom.
Are you ready to go?
 
Hanseong Baekje Palace Road – Face to Face with King Geunchogo Picture
Hanseong Baekje Palace Road – Face to Face with King Geunchogo Picture
 
 
Hanseong Baekje Palace Road Guide (Take a Tour)
It is estimated that Pungnaptoseong Fortress was first built sometime between BCE 1 and CE 3, while Mongchontoseong Fortress was built between AD 3 and AD 4. They were built in different eras and show very different characteristics, despite the fact they were both built in the early days of the Baekje Dynasty. Pungnaptoseong Fortress is humble and inviting while Mongchontoseong Fortress is surrounded by a well-polished park in contrast.

Pungnaptoseong Fortress is now a small mound that surrounds a quiet residential area in Pungnap-dong. The fortress is a cozy and quaint path that looks somewhat neglected. On the other hand, Mongchontoseong Fortress is part of Olympic Park, which has been immaculately tended to rival some of Korea's most beautiful parks. Have you wondered why the fortresses are in such different states? We must hark back to Korea's modern history to find out why. There are bits and pieces of history left along the road for you to discover.

They say, "You can see as much as you know." Once you walk along Hanseong Baekje Palace Road, you will realize there is more to it than first meets the eye. Pungnaptoseong Fortress may look humble and small compared to Mongchontoseong Fortress, but the truth of the matter is, the former was what you might call the pinnacle of Baekje's construction techniques. What's more, the excavation work is ongoing to this day. Relics dating back 2,000 years in Korean history are still being unearthed one by one.
 
 
Mongchontoseong Fortress
Mongchontoseong Fortress
Mongchontoseong Fortress is part of the beautiful Olympic Park, a great place to visit on a sunny weekend. You will find the wooden barricade erected by the Baekje army as a defensive barrier on your tour around the fortress. You can also visit the Mongchon Museum of History and the Dugout Hut Museum while you walk along the path. On the last leg of the path you will come across the Seoul Baekje Museum. Don't forget to take a break to look at the grassy fields and wild flowers and the magnificent sunset against Seoul's skyline.
 
Mongchontoseong Fortress
Mongchontoseong Fortress
>Another great feature of Hanseong Baekje Palace Road is the various historic stories that you will come across during your walk. Seoul Metropolitan Government and Songpa-gu have placed information boards containing interesting historic facts on Hanseong Baekje along the path. A tall Chiljido (seven branched knife) Statue standing where Mongchontoseong Fortress meets Pungnaptoseong Fortress represents the Baekje Dynasty's advanced steel manufacturing techniques and the friendly ties between Baekje and Japan. The story panels placed along the road will help you learn more about the people, culture, and history of Baekje.
 
 
Browse Major Courses (routes are marked by numbers)
Yidohansan, '
 
Chiljido (seven branched knife) Structure

 칠지도 상징물LocationLocation

Under Seongdonggyo Bridge in front of Songpa District Soccer Field

info Introduction

Chiljido (seven branched knife), the Epitome of Baekje Dynasty's Iron Making Technology

The Chiljido (seven branched knife), thought to be holy at the time, was presented as a gift from the Baekje Dynasty to Japan in the 4th century. It is now designated as one of Japan's national treasures. What makes this decorative sword more interesting is the controversy that surrounds it. Korean and Japanese historians have yet to agree on whether the sword was sent to Japan's king as tribute or bestowed to Japan as a gift.
Korean historians are confident that, based on the Baekje Dynasty and Japan's past relationship and royal documents, Baekje had the upper hand in the diplomatic sphere of influence. They believe the sixty-one characters engraved on the sword prove that the sword was bestowed to Japan's king by the crown prince of the Baekje Dynasty. Would you like to see for yourself? Find out by observing the Chiljido (seven branched knife) erected on Hanseong Baekje Palace Road. You will be astonished by the technology of the Baekje Dynasty's people.

 
Mongchon Museum History
몽촌역사관
 

Location Location 424, Olympic-ro, Songpa-gu, Seoul

Introduction Introduction

Dedicated to Seoul's ancient history and culture, the Mongchon Museum of History is an annex of the Hanseong Baekje Museum and an education facility for children. Situated within the walls of Mongchontoseong Fortress (Historic Site No. 297), the museum was opened in January 1992 to exhibit historic relics from the Bronze Age, historic artifacts recovered from Pungnaptoseong Fortress and Mongchontoseong Fortress, and other important pieces collected from old tombs dating back to the Baekje Dynasty. The museum offers all manner of interesting programs for children as well as events designed to teach children that history is fun.

Open Hours Open Hours 09:00 – 18:00

 
Dugout Hut Gallery
Dugout Hut Gallery
 

Location Location 424, Olympic-ro, Songpa-gu, Seoul

info Introduction

The Dugout Hut Gallery can be found by the east gate near the southern part of the fortress wall. The gallery features photographs taken during excavation work conducted in 1988 when four dugout hut sites and storage holes were found during the construction of Olympic Park. The first dugout hole is barely recognizable because a second dugout hole was built right over it. The same goes for dugout hut sites three and four. They are typical examples of a peasant home from the Baekje Dynasty; shaped like a hexagon with a brazier in the northeast corner of the hut. Take a closer look into the everyday life of a commoner during the Baekje Dynasty.

시간 Open Hours 09:00 – 18:00

 
Seoul Baekje Museum
Seoul Baekje Museum
 

Location Location 71, Uiseong-daero, Songpa-gu (88-20, Bangi-dong)

info Introduction

The Seoul Baekje Museum was established to display excavated historic relics from Pungnaptoseong Fortress among many other artifacts dating back to the Hanseong Baekje period. The building consists of two basements below ground and two floors above ground. Visitors can see a cross-sectional view of Pungnaptoseong Fortress and artifacts ranging from prehistoric times to Hanseong Baekje that were found in the Seoul area. The museum organizes special exhibitions and educational programs in its clean and modern facilities. Hanseong Baekje Museum is on the last stretch of the Pungnaptoseong Fortress/Mongchontoseong Fortress course, which is dedicated to the history, culture, attire, and food culture of Hanseong Baekje. Learn about the actual size of Pungnaptoseong Fortress and the architectural techniques behind its construction as well as Baekje's advanced shipbuilding techniques. (If you are lucky, you may be able to catch a performance of Yidohansando musical on weekends.)

시간 Open Hours 09:00 – 21:00 (09:00 – 19:00 on weekends and holidays, 09:00 – 18:00 from November to February)

Closing

We hope this information helped you decide on a path you'd like to walk. What we have introduced is but a fraction of all the road has to offer. Please feel free to explore the trail to your heart's content.
See you again soon!

예약 전 안내사항

  • 예약은 관광일 기준 최소 3일 전까지 가능합니다.
  • 기존 등록된 예약 중 그룹별 정원을 초과하지 않는 예약에 한하여 1일 전 17시까지 추가예약 가능합니다.
  • 최소 출발 인원은 3인부터 입니다. 관광일 2일 전 17시까지 누적예약인원이 3인 미만일 경우 예약은 자동 취소되며, 출발 및 취소 여부는 문자와 메일로 안내드립니다.
  • 다음달 예약은 전달 15일 이후부터 가능합니다.
  • 주말 및 공휴일, 봄 가을 성수기에는 예약이 조기 마감될 수 있습니다.
  • 해설 진행 시 발생하는 안전사고에 대해서 도보관광 사무국과 서울문화관광해설사는 책임을 지지 않습니다.
  • 보호자가 동반하지 않는 만 14세 미만의 하동 관광객의 경우 현장에서 취소됩니다.
  • 미세먼지 비상저감조치 발령 및 기타 기상악화(폭염, 태풍, 폭우 등)로 인해 도보관광 운영이 어려운 경우 모든 예약은 일괄 취소됩니다. (관광일 전날 기준)

예약 전 안내사항

  • 예약은 관광일 기준 최대 6개월 전부터 최소 5일 전 까지 신청 가능합니다.
  • 희망하시는 날짜 및 코스에 활동가능한 해설사가 없는 경우 예약은 취소될 수 있습니다.
  • 특히 주말 및 공휴일, 봄(4~5월) 가을(9~11월) 성수기에는 예약이 조기마감 되오니 이 점 유의하여 주시기 바랍니다.
  • 예약확인을 위해 도보관광 사무국(02-6925-0777)에서 확인 연락이 진행됩니다.
    (최소 5일~한달 전)3회 이상 전화통화가 이뤄지지 않을 시 예약이 취소될 수 있습니다.
  • 경복궁, 창덕궁, 창경궁, 덕수궁 35인 이상 관람 시, 해당 궁궐 사이트에서 15일 전 단체 입장신청이 필요합니다. (2014.1.1.부터 시행)
  • 해설 진행 시 발생하는 안전사고에 대해서 도보관광 사무국과 서울문화관광해설사는 책임을 지지 않습니다.
  • 보호자가 동반하지 않는 만 14세 미만의 하동 관광객의 경우 현장에서 취소됩니다.
  • 미세먼지 비상저감조치 발령 및 기타 기상악화(폭염, 태풍, 폭우 등)로 인해 도보관광 운영이 어려운 경우 모든 예약은 일괄 취소됩니다. (관광일 전날 기준)

예약 전 안내사항

  • 예약은 관광일 기준 최소 1주일 전까지 가능합니다.
  • 덕수궁의 경우 복지카드를 지참한 관광객에 한하여 무료입장이 가능합니다.
    ※ 중증(1~3급) 동반인 포함 2명 무료※ 경증(4~6급) 장애인 본인 1인만 무료
  • 보호자 또는 보조자가 동반하지 않을 경우 이용이 불가능 합니다.※ 별도의 보조자가 없는 경우 사무국으로 문의 바랍니다. (02-6925-0777)
  • 희망하시는 날짜 및 코스에 활동가능한 해설사가 없는 경우 예약은 취소될 수 있습니다.
  • 예약확인을 위해 도보관광 사무국(02-6925-0777)에서 확인 연락이 진행됩니다.(최소 5일~한달 전)3회 이상 전화통화가 이뤄지지 않을 시 예약이 취소될 수 있습니다.
  • 해설 진행 시 발생하는 안전사고에 대해서 도보관광 사무국과 서울문화관광해설사는 책임을 지지 않습니다.
  • 미세먼지 비상저감조치 발령 및 기타 기상악화(폭염, 태풍, 폭우 등)로 인해 도보관광 운영이 어려운 경우 모든 예약은 일괄 취소됩니다. (관광일 전날 기준)

예약 전 안내사항

  • 예약은 관광일 기준 최소 1주일 전까지 가능합니다.
  • 덕수궁의 경우 복지카드를 지참한 관광객에 한하여 무료입장이 가능합니다.
    ※ 중증(1~3급) 동반인 포함 2명 무료
    ※ 경증(4~6급) 장애인 본인 1인만 무료
  • 본 프로그램은 수화해설 중심으로 진행되며, 수화가 불가능한 경우 이용이 불가합니다.
  • 희망하시는 날짜 및 코스에 활동가능한 해설사가 없는 경우 예약은 취소될 수 있습니다.
  • 예약확인을 위해 도보관광 사무국(02-6925-0777)에서 확인 연락이 진행됩니다.
    (최소 5일~한달 전)3회 이상 전화통화가 이뤄지지 않을 시 예약이 취소될 수 있습니다.
  • 해설 진행 시 발생하는 안전사고에 대해서 도보관광 사무국과 서울문화관광해설사는 책임을 지지 않습니다.
  • 미세먼지 비상저감조치 발령 및 기타 기상악화(폭염, 태풍, 폭우 등)로 인해 도보관광 운영이 어려운 경우 모든 예약은 일괄 취소됩니다. (관광일 전날 기준)

예약 전 안내사항

  • 예약은 관광일 기준 최소 1주일 전까지 가능합니다.
  • 본 코스는 보행약자(거동이 불편한 고령자, 장애인, 유모차 이용자 등)를 위한 코스입니다.
  • 보호자를 동반하지 않을 시 이용이 불가능 합니다.※ 보행약자 1명당 보호자 최소 1인 이상 동반
    ※ 전동보장구(전동휠체어, 전동스쿠터 등) 사용자의 경우 보호자 1인당 보행약자 최대 4인까지 동반 가능
    희망하시는 날짜 및 코스에 활동가능한 해설사가 없는 경우 예약은 취소될 수 있습니다.
  • 예약확인을 위해 도보관광 사무국(02-6925-0777)에서 확인 연락이 진행됩니다.(최소 5일~한달 전)3회 이상 전화통화가 이뤄지지 않을 시 예약이 취소될 수 있습니다.
  • 해설 진행 시 발생하는 안전사고에 대해서 도보관광 사무국과 서울문화관광해설사는 책임을 지지 않습니다.
  • 미세먼지 비상저감조치 발령 및 기타 기상악화(폭염, 태풍, 폭우 등)로 인해 도보관광 운영이 어려운 경우 모든 예약은 일괄 취소됩니다. (관광일 전날 기준)

Read before Reservation

  • Reservation shall be made at least 3 days before the tour day.
  • Reservation for the next month is available after 15th of the previous month.
  • Reservation may be closed early during weekend, holiday, and peak season in spring and fall.
  • Seoul Guided Walking Tour Office and Seoul culture and tourism guide are not liable for the safety accidents during the Seoul Guided Walking Tour.
  • Reservation for unaccompanied tourist under 14 will be canceled on site.
  • All reservations are canceled when Seoul Guided Walking Tour is unavailable due to Particulate Matter Reduction Measure or other weather conditions (heat wave, typhoon, heavy rain). (As of the date before the tour day)

Read before Reservation

  • Reservation shall be made at least 1 week before the tour day.
  • The course is for tourists with mobility problems (Senior, people with disability, stroller user).
  • You may not use the course without an assistant (or companion)
    ※ At least one assistant shall accompany a tourist with mobility problem
    ※ In case of electric assisting device users (electric wheelchair, electric scooter users), one assistant may accompany up to 4 tourists with mobility problem
  • Reservation may be canceled when a guide is unavailable on the desired date and course.
  • Seoul Guided Walking Tour Office (02-6925-0777) will contact you to confirm reservation.
    (At least 5 days~1 month before tour day) Reservation may be canceled when Seoul Guided Walking Tour Office cannot reach you for more than 3 times.
  • Seoul Guided Walking Tour Office and Seoul culture and tourism guide are not liable for the safety accidents during the Seoul Guided Walking Tour.
  • All reservations are canceled when Seoul Guided Walking Tour is unavailable due to Particulate Matter Reduction Measure or other weather conditions (heat wave, typhoon, heavy rain). (As of the date before the tour day)

予約前の案内事項

  • 予約は観光日を基準として少なくとも3日前まで可能です。
  • 翌月の予約は、前月の15日から可能です。
  • 週末及び祝日、春秋シーズンには予約が早めに締め切られる場合があります。
  • 解説を進行する時に発生する安全事故に対し、徒歩観光事務局と
    ソウル文化観光解説士は責任を負いません。
  • 保護者を伴わない万14歳未満の児童観光客の場合、現場でキャンセルされます。
  • 微細ホコリの非常低減措置発令及びその他の気象悪化(猛暑、台風、暴雨など)によって徒歩観光の運営が困難な場合、すべての予約は一括キャンセルされます。
    観光日前日基準)

予約前の案内事項

  • 予約は観光日を基準として少なくとも1週間前まで可能です。
  • 本コースは、移動弱者(移動が不自由な高齢者、障害者、ベビーカー利用者など)のためのコースです。
  • 補助人(或いは同行人)を伴わない場合は利用できません。
      ※歩行弱者1人当たり少なくとも1人以上の補助人を伴う
      ※電動補助具(電動車椅子、電動スクーターなど)使用者の場合、補助人1当たり歩行弱者最大4人まで同伴可能
  • ご希望の日付及びコースに活動可能な解説士がいない場合、予約はキャンセルされることがあります。
  • 予約を確認するため、徒歩観光事務局(02-6925-0777)で確認のための連絡が行われます。
    (少なくとも5日~1ヶ月前)3回以上電話が通じない場合、予約が取り消されることがあります。
  • 解説を進行する時に発生する安全事故に対し、徒歩観光事務局とソウル文化観光解説士は
    責任を負いません。
  • 微細ホコリの非常低減措置発令及びその他の気象悪化(猛暑、台風、暴雨など)によって
      徒歩観光の運営が困難な場合、すべての予約は一括キャンセルされます。
     (観光日前日基準)

预约前说明事项

  • 观光日基准最少3日前方可进行预约。
  • 下个月的预约可从前月15日开始。
  • 周末及公休日、春秋旺季的预约可早期结束。
  • 进行解说时,对于有可能发生的安全事故,徒步观光事务局和首尔文化观光
    解说员概不负责。
  • 未伴随保护者的未满14岁儿童游客,会在现场取消观光。
  • 因发布微尘紧急低减措施及其他气象恶化(暴热、台风、暴雨等),无法运营 徒步观光时,所有预约会批量取消。
    (观光前日基准)

预约前说明事项

  • 观光日基准最少1日前方可进行预约。
  • 本线路是为了行动不便者(行动不便的高龄者、残疾人、婴儿车利用者等)的路线。
  • 无辅助人员(或同行人)伴随时,不可利用。
    ※ 步行不便者1名至少需要1名以上的辅助人员陪同。
    ※ 电动辅助器具(电动轮椅、电动独轮车等)使用者时,每一位辅助人员最多可陪同 4名步行不便者。
  • 希望观光的日期及线路上无解说员时,预约有可能被取消。
  • 为了确认预约,徒步观光事务局(02-6925-0777)会致电进行确认。
    (最少5日~一个月前) 3次以上无法连接时,预约将被取消。
  • 进行解说时,对于有可能发生的安全事故,徒步观光事务局和首尔文化观光解说员概不负责。
  • 因发布微尘紧急低减措施及其他气象恶化(暴热、台风、暴雨等),无法运营 徒步观光时,所有预约会批量取消。
    (观光前日基准)

預約前說明事項

  • 觀光日基準最少3日前方可進行預約。
  • 下個月的預約可從前月15日開始。
  • 周末及公休日、春秋旺季的預約可早期結束。
  • 希望观光的日期及线路上无解说员时,预约有可能被取消。
  • 進行解說時,對於有可能發生的安全事故,徒步觀光事務局和首爾文化觀光解說員概不負責。
  • 未伴隨保護者的未滿14歲兒童遊客,會在現場取消觀光。
  • 因發布微塵緊急低減措施及其他氣象惡化(暴熱、臺風、暴雨等),無法運營 徒步觀光時,所有預約會批量取消。(觀光前日基準)

預約前說明事項

  • 觀光日基準最少1日前方可進行預約。
  • 本線路是為了行動不便者(行動不便的高齡者、殘疾人、嬰兒車利用者等)的路線。
  • 無輔助人員(或同行人)伴隨時,不可利用。
    ※ 步行不便者1名至少需要1名以上的輔助人員陪同。
    ※ 電動輔助器具(電動輪椅、電動獨輪車等)使用者時,每壹位輔助人員最多可陪同 4名步行不便者。
  • 希望觀光的日期及線路上無解說員時,預約有可能被取消。
  • 為了確認預約,徒步觀光事務局(02-6925-0777)會致電進行確認。
    (最少5日~壹個月前) 3次以上無法連接時,預約將被取消。
  • 進行解說時,對於有可能發生的安全事故,徒步觀光事務局和首爾文化觀光 解說員概不負責。
  • 因發布微塵緊急低減措施及其他氣象惡化(暴熱、臺風、暴雨等),無法運營 徒步觀光時,所有預約會批量取消。 (觀光前日基準)